Unit Overview
P1 - Factors that influence the Design Process
P2 - Communication
P2 - Design Team
P3 - Production Team
P4 - Legal Implications
P5 - Written Communication
P6 - Construction Methods
P7 - Specifications
P8 - Drawings
M2 - Communicating Design Changes
M3 - Terminology
D1 - Evaluate RIBA
D2 - Appraise Instructions

The Production Team

Managing Director


The MD is not normally involved in the day to day building of the site and will normally be located in a head office where they will make financial and strategic decisions about the direction the company takes with future work.


A company can have a sole MD where they are the owner of the company, but more common with larger companies is that there is a board of directors. Directors are allowed to be directors of several companies at one time.


The MD will be involved in helping the company gain new work and will normally have a good understanding of the tendering process.



The managing director is ultimately responsible for everything that goes on with the company, they need to make sure they have taken appropriate steps to prevent accidents happening, this will normally be done by appointing a health and safety officer.


The MD has a responsibility to make sure the company is adequate finance and the case where shares have been issued, they have a responsibility towards the share holders to make sure the shares hold and increase in value.


Site Manager


The site manager will answer to the MD about the site progress, they will often be located on site in the site office, but depending on the size of the company may have a central office as well.


The site manager is often referred to as the project manager.



The site manager is responsible for the day to day progress of the site, they will rely on the their own observations of site progress and feedback from the site supervisors.

They are responsible for Quality Assurance (QA) this means that the site is being built with the right materials and tolerances as set out in the design specification.

They will also have a budget responsibility, making sure the site does not go over budget, and that if it does they are prepared for this.

To make sure the CDM plan is in place and being followed.




The planner makes sure that the site is running to plan, depending on the scale of the project they may be located on site, or in the head office where they may be the planner for several smaller or mid size projects.


The planner will have produced the site schedule, normally in the form of a gantt chart, this should include material delivery dates,



The planner is responsible for producing schedule, they need to work with others members of the site team to make sure they know about any changes to the site schedule.


The planner needs to schedule the materials, labour and plant for the site.


The planner needs to schedule things in a way that maximises efficiency and economy, this may mean how the companies workforce is moved from site to site or how plant machinery is deployed so that it doesn't spend time not being utilised or being moved back and forth between projects.




The buyer is purchases the materials for the site, they will select the most suitable manufacturer based on cost, quality of product and the reliability of the company. Delays in materials delivery can cost the project more than they may have saved by going to a cheaper supplier, so the reliability of the company can be just as important.



They need to make sure the cost of materials stays within the budget, they will liaise closely with the quantity surveyor over this.

The buyer must ensure that materials are ordered far enough in advance and that they turn up on site at the right time.

It is impossible to store all the materials on site at one time, and they may get damaged or stolen, so the buyer needs to work with the estimator to make sure the materials turn up at the right time.




The estimator comes up the estimated price for a project, this is an essential part of the tendering process. A client will normally ask for several tenders before selecting a principle contractor, as with the buying process they will not just go with the cheapest company, they will be concerned about the quality and reliability of the build.


They will work with subcontractors to make sure they are able to provide the services they are promising the client.




To produce accurate estimates for the completion of a project based on materials, plant and labour.

To help gain future work for the company.


Site Supervisor


Site supervisors are responsible for the actual building of the site, they will keep the site manager up to date with progress. They will most likely have daily meetings with the project or site manager.


There are often several site supervisors on larger builds, different companies have different ways of using their site managers, for example they may have an external and internal manager, or have a manager for each floor of the build.


Some companies will refer to this role as a project manager, they may have a senior project manager (site supervisor) who will be in charge of several project managers.



The health and safety of the workers (everyone has this responsibility but the site supervisor sees more of what is going on).

They may take delivery of materials

They will coordinate plant and labour.



General Foreperson


A general foreperson is normally trade specific and reports to the site supervisor, for example they will normally lead a team of electricians, plumbers, brick layers or dry liners for example.



They need to make sure their staff are following the site rules.

Attend tool box talks

Report progress to the site supervisor

One of the foreperson's may be responsible for the setting out of the site and need to work with the site surveyor.


Craft Operative


These are skilled workers who will have studied for a particular trade, companies often want craft operatives who are multi trade so they can be of more use to a company.


The programming of works by the planner becomes essential with the craft operatives, in order to make sure that the site is ready for that particular trade.


The Banksman is someone who controls the movement of plant and other traffic around a busy site, this helps to avoid accidents.



To provide their chosen trade, such as electrical, plumbing, dry lining, steel fixing.

To follow the health and safety plan



General Operative


General operatives undertake the unskilled or semi skilled labour such as digging holes, mixing mortar and the movement of materials and resources.



To follow the Health and Safety Plan