Unit Overview
P1 - Factors that influence the Design Process
P2 - Communication
P2 - Design Team
P3 - Production Team
P4 - Legal Implications
P5 - Written Communication
P6 - Construction Methods
P7 - Specifications
P8 - Drawings
M1 - RIBA
M2 - Communicating Design Changes
M3 - Terminology
D1 - Evaluate RIBA
D2 - Appraise Instructions

Members of the Design Team

Architect

Role

To design the site / structure for the client

The Architects role will vary slightly depending on the scale of the project, on a small domestic project they may produce design drawings and never visit the site. On large commercial projects they may be part of a team of architects and assigned one part of the design.

The Architect needs to be able to produce a design that combines the needs of the client and is sympathetic to the local area and the needs of society.

Responsibility

To ensure the site complies with current building regulations

To make sure the design complies with current environmental legislation

To design a site that is safe to build and maintain once built

To communicate design changes clearly across the design team

Will be involved with agreeing the design contract with the client

To produce a design that falls within the CDM guidelines

.

Background

University degree

Art foundation year or similar

Member of RIBA

Continued CPD

Interacts with

The client to make sure it fits the design brief

Structural engineer on larger projects, structural calculations may limit the design and force the architect to re-design aspects of the property.

Site team during build phase to ensure site is being built to plan

The Architect will often be in charge of the design team in an office

May have to liaise with Local Planning Authority regarding suitability of design

 

 

Architectural Technologist

Role

To produce very accurate drawings of the site

Responsibility

Produce drawings detailed enough for a bills of quantities to be drawn up from

Must have a deep understanding of the construction technology and be advise on a how a concept can be built

Background

University Degree

Member of

Continued CPD

Interacts with

Architect and Quantity Surveyor

 

Structural Engineer

Role

To carry out calculations and determine that load bearing elements of the design are strong enough

Responsibility

To make sure the substructure and superstructure are strong enough

To advise the principle contractor during the construction phase

Background

University Degree

Member of ICE or similar

Continued CPD

Interacts with

The Architect regarding strength of of components, this will often affect widths, lengths and spans of materials

The construction team during construction

The Architectural technologist regarding drawings produced

 

Resident Engineer

Role

Normally based on site, may monitor works to ensure drawings are being followed correctly. May carry out tests on key structural elements such as suspended concrete floors or condition of substructures.

Responsibility

To advise on the structural and load bearing components of the design

Background

University Degree

Member of ICE or similar

Continued CPD

Interacts with

The site team and the Structural Engineer

 

Quantity Surveyor

Role

The accurately predict the cost of the design, this will often form part of the tender and may be based on a per metre cost, based on previous site costs

Responsibility

To produce bills of quantities - the document that calculates the amount of materials required

Will be involved with the design contract

To track the ongoing cost of the site through the construction phase

To agree contracts with materials suppliers

Background

University Degree

Member of RICS

Continued CPD

Interacts with

The architect, cost and availability of materials may alter design

Materials suppliers and manufacturers

 

 

Clerk of Works

Role

To report to the client on the progress of the site

Responsibility

Often based on site and employed directly by the client, they will monitor the progress of the principle contractor and the over site

Background

University Degree

Continued CPD

Interacts with

The client and principle contractor

 

Facilities Manager

Role

To maintain the building once built, they will monitor systems such as electrical, heating, plumbing, sewage, communications, climate control, security alarms and CCTV, lifts and escalators, fire detection systems

Responsibility

To keep the building safe

To ensure regular inspections are carried out on systems as required

To maintain up to date records of systems

To commission the repair or maintenance of systems as required

Background

Degree not essential

Background in construction

Interacts with

Principle contractor prior to completion - will take ownership of site file under CDM regs

Client and occupants of building

 

Interior Designer

Role

To produce designs for the internal aspects of the design

Responsibility

To produce plans and drawings for the internal aspects of the building

Background

Art Foundation

University degree

Interacts with

The client and architect during the design phase

The QS

The principle contractor during construction

 

Landscape Architect

Role

To design the external elements of the design

Responsibility

To produce sustainable planting schemes in line with the requirements of the client and the LPA

Background

Degree in horticulture is common

Interacts with

The client and architect during the design phase

The QS

The principle contractor during construction

 

Building Services Engineer

Role

To integrate systems into the design that will improve the comfort and function of the building

These may impact on the design and need to be factored in at an early stage

Responsibility

TO ensure the architect and QS are informed and up to date on the specifications of systems such as, climate control, communications, fire detection and control, access such as lifts and escalators

Background

University degree is common

Interacts with

Architect, QS, Architectural technologist

Site team during construction