Unit Overview
Grading Criteria
P1 - Responsibilities
P2 - Legislation
M1 - Interaction
P3 - Identifying Hazards
P4 - Risk Assessment
M2 - Completing a risk assessment
D1 - Justify a Risk Assessment
P5 - Control Measures
P6 - Accident Reporting
M3 - Accident Data
D2 - Evaluating Accident Reports

P1 - Responsibilities of Employers and Employees



Criteria - outline the roles and responsibilities of people assigned specific health and safety duties at work


Task - For P1 you must outline the roles and responsibilities of the people responsible for health, safety and welfare on a construction project.


You should outline who is responsible for what from start to finish, in order to do this you will have to understand all the different stages of a construction project.



The Employerhselogo

The employer must make sure that the people working for them (their employees) are safe when at work, the piece of legislation that covers this the 'Health and Safety at Work Act' (HASAWA) 1974.


Under HASAWA employers must:

  1. Ensure the health and safety of all employees
  2. Provide a health and safety policy of their are 5 or more employees
  3. Must not charge for personal protective equipment (PPE)
  4. Must provide safe systems of work for handling, storage and transport of materials and equipment
  5. Must provide the necessary training and information for safe working practice
  6. To consult and cooperate with employees on safety measures



Under HASAWA the employees have the following responsibilities when carrying out work:

  1. To act with due care to the safety of themselves and others at all times
  2. Not to misuse or damage any equipment provided for health and safety
  3. To correctly use all the equipment provided for safety purposes
  4. To cooperate with the employer regarding health and safety




rooferharnessDesigners and Architects

Whilst designers and architects may not be on the construction site they still have a duty to reduce or remove any potential hazards associated with a construction project, this may include how the employees will move around the scaffolding as the building is constructed or how the windows are cleaned safely in future years.



The Main Contractor

Also referred to as the Principle Contractor has specific duties under HASAWA and Construction (Design and Management) regulations 2007 (CDM) which include:

  1. To prepare and put in place a written health and safety plan which includes site rules
  2. Ensure all workers undertake a site induction
  3. Make sure that the site is secure
  4. Plan, monitor and manage the construction phase of the contract
  5. Give contractors relevant parts of the health and safety plan
  6. Check the competence all people involved with construction activities
  7. Make sure suitable welfare facilities are provided
  8. Liaise with the CDM Coordinator regarding ongoing design changes


sitesignageThe main contractor has to submit a form known as the F10 to the HSE to let them know that works are about to commence on site.







  1. Using examples explain how a designer might reduce a risk on a construction site?
  2. What does HASAWA stand for and who needs to be aware of it?
  3. What is PPE and who pays for it?
  4. What is the maximum amount of time you are aloud to be on a construction site without the proper PPE
  5. Who is responsible for ensuring the proper health and safety guidelines are being followed.



Also known as Sub-Contractors these are workers who are generally employed by the the main contractor, they may include for example people such as roofers, plumbers or general labourers. On a large construction site their may be several different contractors, the main contractor must ensure that all the contractors are following the same rules as their own employees.


The Health and Safety Executive

Often referred to as the HSE, they are an organisation set up by the government to advise, inspect and to enforce health and safety matters across a wide range of industries in the UK.


They have the power to inspect a site and can prosecute if they find that health and safety measure are not being followed, they will also investigate after an accident. In the past 25 years over 3000 people have died on construction sites, many more have been left injured and unable to work as a result.


They cover industries from the railways, to schools and are not just concerned with construction. They issue up to date advise on a wide range of health and safety issues.


The Client

The client can be an individual such as the home owner you would find in a small residential project or a company getting a new factory built. Under the CDM regulations they need to carry out the following:


  1. Appoint a principle contractor
  2. They have appoint a CDM coordinator
  3. They must ensure that the main contractor has produced the health and safety plan
  4. They have to store the health and safety file on completion


Local Authority

The local authority or local council are mainly concerned with the environmental health and safety such as noise pollution, they may come out to a site if local residents have complained about the noise from a building site.


They will also have a highways department who are responsible for making sure the roads, pavements and paths are in a safe condition at all times.


cdmteamCDM Coordinator

The CDM Coordinator has various responsibilities that include:

        1. Submitting the F10 form to the HSE
        2. To ensure that there is good communication between the designers, architects, engineers and contractors
        3. To ensure the health and safety file is maintained and handed over to the client
        4. To advise and assist the client







activity 1.2

The Health and Safety Executive are investigating an incident at a factory in Wimbledon where a caretaker fell to his death when repairing a light fitting. Martin Smith fell 8 metres striking his head on impact, he was pronounced dead at the scene.


The HSE said in a statement that they investigated various cases like this every year and would be carrying out investigations to see if any party was at fault.


Mr Smiths employer stated that he had been an employee for several years an recently accepted the position on the site maintenance team. He had previously worked in the on the assembly line on the factory floor and was due to go on a training course about working at heights safely.


  1. Who was responsible for making sure Mr Smith was properly trained for his job?
  2. What measures could have been put in place to prevent the accident?
  3. Why are the HSE investigating the accident?
  4. What responsibility did Mr Smith have for health and safety?