Unit Overview
P1 Range of Activity
P2 Contribution of the Construction Industry
M1 Local Contribution
D1 Evaluate the local and National Contribution
P3 Describe Client Needs
P4 Describe Constraints on a design brief
D2 Prioritise Needs of Client Brief
P5/M3/D3 Produce Design Ideas
P6/M4 Review Concept Ideas

Evaluating the Contribution Made by Construction.

 

Economic Contribution

(You need to write up the Evidence and three of the four examples - You need to add research of your own)

 

Evidence

UK = 2million employees = 6% of UK workforce

7% of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) = the money a country makes in one year / Office for National Statistics shows a slight drop in 2015, but less than 1 decimal place.

Landmark buildings = Shard / Gherkin = Increase in tourism

 

The London Crane Survey (Link)

This is a count of the amount of cranes in London which should represent the amount being built, more cranes on the skyline means money is being put into the city.

 

    "The latest Crane Survey reveals that the total level of office construction in central London has increased over the past six months, fuelled by the greatest volume of new space to start since 2011."

    1. Office construction in central London rises for the first time in 18 months
    2. 31 new starts have been recorded
    3. Growth across all but two central London submarkets
    4. 12% rise in volume of let space under construction
    5. 2014 completions reach highest level since 2003

    Source - Deloitte

 

 

Employment

Money goes back into local community = Local business benefit as workers spend money locally / money circulates / multiplier effect

 

New Projects employ local workers = Local Planning Authorities can use a section 106 agreement to force a construction company to employ a certain amount of (local workforce / students / apprentices)

Example St George building Fulham Reach = was sugar factory = jobs / affordable housing = because of?

 

Building need to be maintained = plumbing / electrical / air conditioning / escalators / lifts (Building Services)

 

More people in work = less people in welfare = less cost to taxpayer / reduction of economic burden on local council

 

National projects / HS2 / 40,000 jobs / Improved transport across county

 

Generation of Wealth

New projects normally add value to properties in an area = planning gain = because more people want to live there.

A project such as the Westfield shopping centre in..... created....

"Crossrail could help create £5.5 billion in added value to residential and commercial real estate along its route between 2012 and 2021, according to research for Crossrail by GVA." SOurce - Crossrail (more information on Crossrail)

When a new project is built it will often bring new business to an area = shops / cafes / restaurants

People can own their home = mortgage 25-30 years = rent free afterwards

 

Economic Migration

Workers from overseas filling gaps in market

Working immigrants pay tax / buy goods / purchase food / rent accommodation

 

Economic Disadvantages

Out of town development = destruction of environment

Heathrow Expansion will = increase jobs / bring money to UK with trade / but / increase noise / destroy / remove villages

 

Social Benefits

(You need to write up the Evidence and three of the four examples - You need to add research of your own)

Evidence

Country benefits both locally and nationally = new parks / schools / hospitals / sports facilities

London's Crossrail = new transport links = according to Crossrail = 3millions tons of soil = create Wallasea Island = new nature reserve in Southend for RSPB.

 

Inner City Regeneration

Run Down / Neglected / Not being used = transform / regenerate / improve = pleasant /

Example Olympic Park

Example Westfield = What was the impact = business / jobs / improved look

 

 

Lower Crime Rates

New Designs can reduce crime / street lighting / open areas / improved visibility

 

Affordable Housing

Section 106 = set aside a certain amount of affordable accommodation = reduces economic burden on local council

Example = Fulham Reach = Section 106

 

Reduction in Pollution

Wind farms = clean energy = less use of fossil fuels (also creates new jobs)

NHBC (National House Building Council)

Rooftop solar panels mean that........

 

Social Disadvantages

Cost to taxpayer = parks / street lighting

Wind farms are based in the countryside = benefit people in towns = Pylons of Cairngorm Mountains / Scottish and Southern Electric

Urban Regeneration can lead to people not being able to afford to live in the areas they were born in = example Docklands, Eastend