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Metals are produced by mining ore from the ground, the metal is extracted from the rocks, this is usually done on a large scale industrial process.


There are three main types of metal (a metal can fit into more than one type)




Made up mainly of Iron, they are prone to rusting and are magnetic. Rust can be prevented by painting the metal.

Ferrous metals include - Mild Steel, Stainless Steel and Cast Iron.


Non Ferrous Metals

Metals that do not contain iron, they will oxidise but not rust and cannot be picked up with a magnet.

Non ferrous metals include, copper, aluminium, tin, lead and zinc.



There are made by combining two or more metals to produce an improved metal, these include pewter, brass and casting alloys.